Green Computing: IT Solutions Environment-Friendly

Technology, on the one hand, improve and support human life, while at the other side destroy. Technology is always with the consequences, the technology is not neutral, said Naisbit (1999). Information technology (IT) is the product of creative imagery and the human dream, its has become an integral part of the evolution of human culture. Efficiently utilize IT, but with results that are optimal imperatives, to replace the line resultan consequences that (tended) are on the positive side. Necessary changes and behavioral paradigm that IT benefits exceed the costs that have been issued for the investment and energy. Benefits, not only gives computing solutions, but also give a positive contribution (read: keep) the universe in the form of reducing deforestation or forest degradation. IT is a product of Hitech have connotations with the city and is associated with modern thin forests more closely with "tarzan" and primitive. Is there a connection? Green computing is the answer. Although we rarely (or never) heard, this is not a new term in IT. Clear, green computing is not computing or primitive computing, but modern computing solutions and civilized. It is the nature of a self-organization or individual, if only utilize IT to provide computing solutions only, and receive data as the information that has meaning for stakeholders. But if the only stakeholders with information, in the concept of green computing called Shareholders. Green computing concepts to consider the triple bottom line (3BL)-human, planet, and profit-as stakeholders ( Green computing is the behavior of using computing resources efficiently, how to maximize energy efficiency, extend the life of the hardware, minimizing the use of paper, and some other technical matters. Referring to the concept 3BL, IT development-based system must consider all the elements of the stakeholders, not only to maximize profit Shareholders only. Green computing has been able to prevent deforestation? Yes, this is visible from a study conducted by Javelin Strategy & Research (Shapley, 2007) indicates that changes to Internet Banking on 53 percent of Bank of America, logging has been able to save 16.5 million trees each year. How the application of IT in UNY? From the academic side of the transaction, which is the only one of a number of IT-based system available, able to reduce the use of paper up to 85.71 percent. This figure is derived from the reduction of paper transactions to card a study plan (KRS) to 67 percent and the results of a study card to almost 100 percent. When converted to the needs of timber, the current UNY only require 2.2 trees per year compared saaat not apply IT in full (Hybrid), which requires a tree 15.43 per year, meaning that 13.23 save trees each year. Two examples are only the view from the side of saving paper only, which is one of several components of green computing. In principle, green computing related to a series of three entities, namely hardware, software, and users (individuals and organizations). First, from the hardware side. Can be IT hardware (computers, a media store data, and monitor), which produced around the mid-1990s have been eligible green computing. Hardware has features, power management, we can see on the Energy Star certification progran on the hardware. Energy Star was launched in 1992 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the United States, and revised in October 2006 with further improve the efficiency of the device on the computer. Second, from the software. Standard industry Anvanved Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) set strandar programming interface that allows operating system (OS) directly control the power consumption savings of the hardware. The savings occur when the OS automatically turn off the monitor and peripherals such as hard disk of the computer after not active during a certain period, or hibernate in the process of a laptop computer. All this will occur if the user to activate the feature. Third, from the users, namely: individuals and organizations. Factor is the fact that the main problem in realizing green computing, because it awareness of individuals and policy organization, which in turn will form a cultural organization. From the individual, each person should have the awareness to enable the features, power options, which are provided on each computer that the device is in the responsibility. From the side of the organization, to start to implement the policy less paper for all administrative systems have been utilizing IT has a big impact. Parsimony these figures will be far greater savings when calculating the entire IT system based on the available such as online payment system in Indonesia in Bank UNY partners, e-lettering system, electronic journals, video library, e-learning, and optimization of the e-mail as communication facilities. IT UNY supported by Giga bits intranet-based fiber optics, Internet bandwidth to 10 Mbps, 20 antenna Hotspot in all areas of campus, and virtual private network (VPN) to the campus outside Karangmalang, has made "shoo" UNY become so integrated in the campus. This facility is still supported by a disaster recovery capabilities to ensure data security. Is a form of refuse and reject the concept of digital 3BL, when insfrastruktur IT already available (which has been strictly electric power) is not used optimally. Application of IT is not a factor in the penjumlah old paradigm, because the only result will be the paradigm of the old expensive, redundant, and not environmentally friendly. But more than that, IT is seen as a trigger Enabler and changes evolutif old paradigm towards a new paradigm. These changes occurred in individuals and organizations that will establish a modern organizational culture.


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